(a) few and (a) little
(a)round and about
(be) used to + noun or... -ing
(Great) Britain, the United Kingdom, the British Isles and England
-ing form ('gerund')
-ing form after to
-ing form or infinitive?
above and over
across and over
across and through
active verb forms
adjectives ending in -Iy
adjectives without nouns
adverbs of manner
adverbs: position (details)
adverbs: position (general)
after (preposition); afterwards (adverb)
afternoon, evening and night
all (of) with nouns and pronouns
all and every
all and whole
all with verbs
all, everybody and everything
almost and nearly
also, as well and too
although and though
among and between
and after try, wait, go etc
any (= 'it doesn't matter which')
any and no: adverbs
articles: a and an; pronunciation of the
articles: countable and uncountable nouns
articles: special rules and exceptions
articles: talking in general
articles: the difference between a/an and the
as and like
as if and as though
as much/many ... as ...
as well as
as, because and since (reason)
as, when and while (things happening at the same time)
at, in and on (place)
at, in and on (time)
be + infinitive
be with auxiliary do
be: progressive tenses
because and because of
before (preposition) and in front of
begin and start
big, large, great and tall
borrow and lend
both (of) with nouns and pronouns
both with verbs
bring and take
British and American English
broad and wide
but = except
can and could: ability
can and could: forms
can with remember, understand, speak, play, see, hear, feel, taste and smell
can: permission, offers, requests and orders
can: possibility and probability
close and shut
come and go
comparison: comparative and superlative adjectives
comparison: comparative and superlative adverbs
comparison: much, far etc with comparatives
comparison: using comparatives and superlatives
countable and uncountable nouns
do + -ing
do and make
do: auxiliary verb
during and for
during and in
each and every
each other and one another
ellipsis (leaving words out)
emphatic structures with it and what
every and every one
except and except for
excuse me, pardon and sorry
expect, hope, look forward, wait, want and wish
fairly, quite, rather and pretty
far and a long way
farther and further
fewer and less
for + object + infinitive
for, since, from, ago and before
future: present progressive and going to
future: shall and will (interpersonal uses)
future: shall/will (predictions)
future: simple present
gender (masculine and feminine language)
get (+ object) + verb form
get + noun, adjective, adverb particle or preposition
get and go: movement
go ... -ing
go: been and gone
hard and hardly
have (got) to
have (got): possession, relationships etc
have + object + verb form
have: auxiliary verb
hear and listen (to)
here and there
holiday and holidays
how and what... like?
if so and if not
if-sentences with could and might
if: ordinary tenses
if: special tenses
ill and sick
in and into (prepositions)
in spite of
infinitive after who, what, how etc
infinitive of purpose
infinitive without to
infinitive: negative, progressive, perfect, passive
instead of... -ing
inversion: auxiliary verb before subject
inversion: whole verb before subject
it: preparatory object
it: preparatory subject
last and the last
long and for a long time
look (at), watch and see
marry and divorce
may and might: forms
may and might: permission
may and might: probability
modal auxiliary verbs
more (of): determiner
most (of): determiner
much (of), many (of): determiners
much, many, a lot etc
must and have to; mustn't, haven't got to, don't have to, don't need to and needn't
names and titles
neither (of): determiner
neither, nor and not... either
next and nearest
next and the next
no and none
no and not
no and not a/not any
no more, not any more, no longer, not any longer
noun + noun
one and you: indefinite personal pronouns
one: substitute word
other and others
participles used as adjectives
participles: 'present' and 'past' participles (-ing and -ed)
passive structures: introduction
passive verb forms
past tense with present or future meaning
past time: past perfect simple and progressive
past time: past progressive
past time: present perfect progressive
past time: present perfect simple
past time: simple past
past time: the past and perfect tenses (introduction)
perfect tenses with this is the first time..., etc
personal pronouns (I, me, it etc)
play and game
please and thank you
possessive with determiners (a friend of mine, etc)
possessives: my and mine, etc
prepositional verbs and phrasal verbs
prepositions after particular words and expressions
prepositions and adverb particles
prepositions at the end of clauses
prepositions before particular words and expressions
prepositions: expressions without prepositions
present tenses: introduction
present tenses: present progressive
present tenses: simple present
progressive tenses with always
punctuation: quotation marks
punctuation: semi-colons and full stops
questions: basic rules
questions: reply questions
questions: word order in spoken questions
relative pronouns: what
relative pronouns: whose
relatives: identifying and non-identifying clauses
reported speech and direct speech
reported speech: orders, requests, advice etc
reported speech: pronouns; 'here and now' words; tenses
reported speech: questions
road and street
say and tell
should after why and how
should and would
should, ought and must
should: (If I were you) I should ...
since (conjunction of time): tenses
singular and plural: anybody etc
singular and plural: irregular plurals
singular and plural: plural expressions with singular verbs
singular and plural: pronunciation of plural nouns
singular and plural: singular words ending in -s
singular and plural: singular words with plural verbs
singular and plural: spelling of plural nouns
small and little
so am I, so do I etc
so and not with hope, believe etc
some and any
some/any and no article
some: special uses
somebody and anybody, something and anything, etc
spelling and pronunciation
spelling: -ise and -ize
spelling: capital letters
spelling: ch and tch, k and ck
spelling: doubling final consonants
spelling: final -e
spelling: full stops with abbreviations
spelling: ie and ei
spelling: y and i
still, yet and already
subject and object forms
such and so
tall and high
telling the time
tenses in subordinate clauses
this and that
travel, journey and trip
unless and if not
until and by
until and to
used to + infinitive
verbs with object complements
verbs with two objects
weak and strong forms
when and if
whether and if
which, what and who: question words
who ever, what ever, how ever etc
whoever, whatever, whichever, however, whenever and wherever
worth ... -ing
Discourse means 'pieces of language longer than a sentence'. Some words and expressions are used to show how discourse is constructed. They can show the connection between something we have said and something we are going to say; or they can show the connection between what somebody else has said and what we are saying; or they can show what we think about what we are saying; or why we are talking. Here are some common examples of these 'discourse markers'. by the way We use by the way to introduce a new subject of conversation.
1 Nice day. 1 Yes, isn't it? By the way have you heard from Peter?'
talking about ... We use this to join one piece of conversation to another.
I played tennis with Mary yesterday.' 'Oh, yes. Talking about Mary, do you know she's going to get married?'
firstly, secondly, thirdly; first of all; to start with We use these to show the structure of what we are saying.
Firstly, we need somewhere to live. Secondly, we need to find work. And thirdly, . . .
'What are you going to do?' 'Well, to start with I'm going to buy a newspaper. '
all the same, yet, still, on the other hand, however These show a contrast with something that was said before.
'She's not working very well.' All the same, she's trying hard. '
He says he's a socialist, and yet he's got two houses and a Rolls Royce.
It's not much of aflat. Still, it's home.
'Shall we go by car or train?' 'Well, it's quicker by train. On the other hand, it's cheaper by car.'
Jane fell down the stairs yesterday. However, she didn't really hurt herself.
anyway, anyhow, at any rate These can mean 'what was said before is not important — the main point is:
I'm not sure what time I'll arrive: maybe half past seven or a quarter to eight. Anyway, I'll be there before eight.
What a terrible experience! Anyhow, you're all right — that's the main thing.
mind you To introduce an exception to what was said before.
I don't like the job at all, really, Mind you, the money's good.
I mean We say this when we are going to make things clearer, or give more details.
It was a terrible evening. I mean, they all sat round and talked politics for hours.
kind of, sort of To show that we are not speaking very exactly.
I sort of think we ought to start going home, perhaps, really.
let me see, well To give the speaker time to think.
'How much are you selling it for?' Well, let me see, . . . '
To make agreement or disagreement 'softer', less strong.
'Do you like it?' Well, yes, it's all right. '
'Can I borrow your car?' Well, no, I'm afraid you can't. '
To make a polite enquiry. I'm afraid
I suppose you re not free this evening?
To show unwilling agreement.
'Can you help me?' I suppose so.
To say that one is sorry to give bad news.
Do you speak German?' I'm afraid I don't.'
Understand Body Language
Awesome Looking White Animals
Class 9 - Adjective
Rules to Play Football
Friendship Compatibility between Aries and Cancer
Aries and Cancer
- Friendship Compatibility Profile
When Aries and Cancer form a friendship, it's a case of opposites drawing toward each other. Aries is rash and brash, while Cancer is sensitive. Aries may overwhelm Cancer with a flurry of emotion. Even though Cancer usually likes to take time with business commitments, Aries' whirlwind approach can be stimulating. Aries, on the other hand, may find the Cancerian sensitivity appealing; it's a good balance for the typical Aries bluntness. At times, though, troubles may arise if Cancer's mood swings or Aries' aggression become overwhelming. Both Signs must take time to listen to their friend's thoughts and understand they're coming from different directions.
Cancer is the Sign of home and hearth, while Aries is a soldier meeting every challenge head-on. Aries is very protective of Cancer and takes care of them. In return, Cancer provides Aries with a happy, hospitable environment and emotional security. Sometimes Cancer might build an idealized image of their Aries friend and can become overbearing. Aries can help by reassuring their Cancer confidante that they are needed. Additionally, Aries needs to listen to Cancer: The Crab is strongly instinctive, and their advice can help Aries avoid making silly mistakes and rash decisions caused by a lack of planning.
Aries is ruled by the Planet Mars, and Cancer is ruled by the Moon. Aries has an open, passionate nature that appeals to Cancerians, who often internalize emotions and feelings. Cancer can have intense, feminine energy, and Aries can help them learn to release this energy. The Moon controls tides of the Earth, quietly affecting all life; Cancer works behind the scenes while Aries rushes into battle. Cancer tends to be sentimental and can teach Aries to slow down and appreciate the finer points of life instead of rushing on to the next thing.
Aries is a Fire Sign, and Cancer is a Water Sign. These two elements can be a great combination if they combine their energies, using physical action to get things done. Cancer can help Aries slow down and learn to be gentle, while Aries teaches Cancer to come out of their shell. Cancer can be emotionally manipulative, too much Water dampening Aries' enthusiasm. Conversely, too much Fire can cause Water to evaporate and leave Cancer stressed-out. Aries and Cancer must talk openly and freely to ensure their balance is maintained.
Aries and Cancer are both Cardinal Signs. Both friends are initiators, but they have to cooperate in order for their initiative to amount to anything. On the surface, Aries is the leader, rushing out to meet a challenge, but Cancer will also be indirectly in charge of things through emotional control and the ability to weigh the situation. Cancer tends to compromise more easily, while Aries can be unyielding, so the Crab may have to accept giving in.
The best aspect of the Aries-Cancer friendship is that -- once they realize they're on the same side -- the combination of Fire and Water works well together. Aries is out there getting attention, and Cancer is quietly supporting the back end. Each friend balances the other out, providing what each lacks, making this an equal friendship.