Both of these words refer to people who work at a company - but staff is always singular and uncountable - it describes the entire group of workers as one thing. Employees is plural and countable - it describes the collection of individual workers.
The entire staff was happy about the extra day off.
All the employees were happy about the extra day off.
Note that "staff" takes the singular verb was, and "employees" takes the plural verb were.
Whenever you use a specific number, use employees or staff members:
Tim Allen stars in this festive comedy about an ordinary man who must step into Santas shoes after an accident. A trip to the North Pole follows, along with various comic scenarios as he physically morphs into Santa in front of his disbelieving ex wife (Wendy Crewson).