The betalin pigments present in beets have repeatedly been shown to support activity in our bodys Phase 2 detoxification process. Phase 2 is the metabolic step that our cells use to hook activated, unwanted toxic substances up with small nutrient groups. This hook up process effectively neutralizes the toxins and makes them sufficiently water soluble for excretion in the urine. One critical hook up process during Phase 2 involves an enzyme family called the glutathione S transferase family (GSTs). GSTs hook toxins up with glutathione for neutralization and excretion from the body. The betalains found in beet have been shown to trigger GST activity, and to aid in the elimination of toxins that require glutathione for excretion. If you are a person who thinks about exposure to toxins and wants to give your body as much detox support as possible, beets are a food that belongs in your diet.