This pattern occurs at the bottom of a trend or during a downtrend and it is called a Hammer since it is hammering out of a bottom. It is a single candlestick pattern that has a long lower shadow and a small body at or very near the top of its daily trading range.
1. The market is characterized by a prevailing downtrend.
2. A small body at the upper end of the trading range is observed. The color of the body is not important.
3. The lower shadow of this candlestick is at least twice as long as the body.
4. There is (almost) no upper shadow.
Pattern Requirements and Flexibility
The body of the Hammer should be small. The lower shadow should be at least twice as long as the body but not shorter than an average candlestick. It is desired that there is no or a very tiny upper shadow. The bottom of the Hammer