Birds

Black Woodpecker
Key Features
  • Attracts a mate or sends a signal by drumming a rapid sound called a "tattoo" with its beak
  • To guard against predators, it makes a "doorway" in a tree just large enough for an adult woodpecker to pass through
  • Feeds its chick by prodding a "facial knob" that makes the chick open its mouth
  • Where
    Throughout Europe and Asia; south into Spain and France, north to Norway, Sweden and Finland, across central Asia, east to Japan and southwest China
    Did You Know
  • The family name Picidae comes from the Roman god Picus, who was changed into a woodpecker by the sorceress Circe.
  • The head and neck muscles of a woodpecker absorb the shock of 8,00012,000 pecks a day.
  • Internally, the woodpecker's tongue wraps around the skull before protruding into the mouth.
  • Conservation
    Current populations of the black woodpecker are stable, despite loss of habitat. Occasionally damaged trees are chopped down because woodpeckers are believed to have destroyed the trees with their nests and pecking.
    Order : Piciformes
    Genus Species : Dryocopus martius
    Family : Picidae
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