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Diabetes Questions and Answers
Are my brothers and sisters and my children at risk of diabetes?
If you have type 1 diabetes, your first-degree relatives (i.e. mother, father, brother, sister, and your children) are about ten times more likely than the general population to get type 1 diabetes. The frequency of type 1 diabetes in the general population is about half a percent (i.e., one in two hundred), so the risk in your first-degree relatives is about 10 1/2, or 5%. Fortunately, this is not particularly high. Also, it is related to age. About 90% of cases of type 1 diabetes occur before age 35. Therefore, the parents of a person with type 1 diabetes are at considerably less, and ever decreasing, risk compared to his or her siblings and children. The risk of getting type 1 diabetes for an identical twin of a person with type 1 diabetes is 3050%, indicating that environmental factors are very important, even though they are not well understood. In the case of type 2 diabetes, the risk is considerably higher. On average, one out of three of the children of an individual with type 2 diabetes will develop the disease. Two out of three of the children will develop diabetes when both parents have the disease. The risk of getting type 2 diabetes for an identical twin of a person with type 2 diabetes is 7590%, indicating that genetic (hereditary) factors are very important.
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More Questions :
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  • What can happen if my diabetes is not properly treated and controlled?
  • Will having diabetes affect my ability to do my job?
  • Many patients start on pills but end up on insulin.Why do pills tend to fail in the end and do they all fail at the same rate?
  • What information should I bring to my doctor to help him or her manage my diabetes with me?
  • I am interested in a professional career in the field of diabetes.Where can I find out the various options and the prerequisites to apply?
  • I don't want my friends or co-workers to know I have diabetes.How can I manage it discreetly in public places?
  • What preparations should I make for traveling?
  • Why do some women get diabetes when they are pregnant? Is this dangerous for them or their baby?
  • Does regular exercise help to prevent type 2 diabetes?
  • I will be getting a course of steroid treatment. I heard this could throw my diabetes out of control.What should I do?
  • Who should take pills and who should take insulin?
  • How does stress affect my blood sugars?
  • How can I avoid getting bruises or swellings on my stomach from my insulin shots?
  • I have heard that depression is more common in people with diabetes. Is this true?
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